Natural Telescope, magnification by gravitational lensing

Natural Telescope, magnification by gravitational lensing has being discovered by a team of astronomers. Utilizing the Hubble Space Telescope to contemplate a sample of huge clusters of galaxies, the team discovered a faraway galaxy eMACSJ1341-QG-1 that is maximized 30 times, due to distortion of space time generated by enormous galaxy cluster entitled eMACSJ1341.9-2441

Exceedingly faraway galaxies are normally too vague to be observed by the most massive telescopes. There is a solution for this dilemma called gravitational lensing, prophesized by Albert Einstein and perceived a plethora of times by astronomers. Harald Ebeling of the Institute for Astronomy at the University of Hawaii at Manoa has found one of the most supreme examples of magnification by gravitational lensing.

The concealed physical consequence of gravitational lensing was initially established during the solar eclipse of 1919 and can boldly magnify images of distant celestial sources if an adequately enormous object reposed between the background source and observers.

Galaxy clusters massive absorption of dark matter and hot gas encompassing hundreds or thousands of individual galaxies all united by the force of gravity, all estimated by astronomers as dominant “gravitational lenses.” By enhancing the galaxies positioned behind them, enormous clusters behave as natural telescopes that permit scientists to explore indistinct and faraway sources that would be out of the realm of even the most dynamic human made telescopes.

Johan Richard of the University of Lyon, who performed the lensing calculations, said that the very excessive magnification of this image offers us with an unparalleled opportunity to explore the stellar community of this faraway object and finally to restore it’s perfect shape and properties.

 

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