Using disinfectant cleaning products regularly such as bleach increases developing of fatal lung disease-risk, a study suggested.
The researchers from the Harvard University and the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm) revealed that the regular use of disinfectants is associated with a higher risk of developing the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It affects 1.2 million people in the UK with a group of lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis which creates difficulty in the lungs during moving of air in and out.
The researchers followed more than 55,000 nurses in the US, and they looked at exposure to specific disinfectants, including alcohol, bleach, some chemicals, and hydrogen peroxide. The study began in 1989 and after that, they followed them for eight years until May 2017. At that time 663 nurses were diagnosed with COPD.
The researchers also found that people who used these kinds of products just once a week had 32% increased the chance of developing the risk.
The effect of the domestic use of disinfectants on COPD development is unknown as some disinfectants such as bleach and quarts are regularly used in common households. It is important to examine the condition because there is a strong connection between asthma and exposure to cleaning products and disinfectants at home, such as bleach and sprays, the research found.
Dr. Orianne Dumas, a researcher at Inserm said that further investigation of COPD is necessary to clarify the role of each disinfectant. Hospitals should have to take professional health risks into account.